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ROHS認證

ROHS認證簡介

歐盟於2006年7月1日確定電子電氣產品的鉛(影響中樞神經係統及腎髒係統)、鎘(因腎髒病變引發痛痛病)、汞(影響中樞神經及腎髒係統)、鎘(造成腎髒衰竭)、六價鉻(遺傳性基因缺陷)四種重金屬、聚溴二苯醚(PBDE)和聚溴聯苯(PBB)等阻燃劑(致癌及胎兒畸型)兩種溴化物阻燃劑有害物質禁用。許多關際大廠均要求供應商今年底前完成其規定,2005年為緩衝期,廠商必須表示正持續進行改善,否則將喪失商機。

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ROHS申請程序

1

與JCT業務人員聯係

2

確定與JCT合作

3

提供認證樣品及原材料的檢測報告

4

對樣品進行檢測與整合

5

出報告


歐盟ROHS法規具體要求

六種有害物質限值 
一、鎘的法規要求:
1、歐盟:
ROHS,91/338/EEC,94/62/EC,76/769/EEC  Limit=100ppm
瑞典:Limit=75ppm(mg/Kg)
丹麥:Limit=75ppm(mg/Kg)
瑞士:Limit=100ppm(mg/Kg)
荷蘭:Limit=100ppm(mg/Kg)
2、ROHS豁免項:除了91/338/EEC禁止使用的產品除外,生產設備、機器等產品的電鍍鎘可以豁免。
二、鉛的法規要求:
1、歐盟:
76/769/EEC,89/677/EEC:禁止使用
94/62/EC:<100ppm
ROHS:<1000ppm
2、ROHS豁免項:
玻璃:如熒光管etc.
合金:鋼合金中鉛含量<0.35%(3500ppm);
玻璃:如熒光管etc.
合金:鋼合金中鉛含量<0.35%(3500ppm);
鋁中鉛含量<0.4%(4000ppm);
銅合金中鉛含量<4%(40000ppm)
焊錫:高溫融化的焊料中的鉛(即錫鉛焊料合金中鉛含量超過85%);
用於服務器、存儲器和存儲係統的焊料中的鉛(豁免準予至2010年)
用於交換、信號和傳輸,以及電信網絡管理的網絡基礎設施設備中焊料中的鉛;
電子陶瓷產品中的鉛如壓電陶瓷。
3、ROHS豁免聽證項:
光學玻璃及護目鏡可以使用鉛及鎘;
兩個以上焊接口之微處理器封裝跟其針頭,可使用鉛占85%比重的錫鉛焊料,唯其期限到2010年;
溶解度較高的含鉛焊料(如錫鉛焊合金有85%的鉛)及任何需要低溫焊接以完成電力接駁的焊料。
三、汞的法規要求:
1、歐盟:
76/769/EEC,89/677/EEC:禁止使用;
94/62/EC:<100ppm;
ROHS:<1000ppm。
2、ROHS豁免項: 熒光燈及燈具。
四、六價鉻的法規要求:

1、歐盟: 

76/769/EEC:禁止使用;
94/62/EC:<100ppm;
ROHS:<1000ppm。
1999/179/EEC,2002/EEC:<10ppm
2、ROHS豁免項:
碳鋼中的防腐劑,電冰箱製冷劑中的防腐劑。
3、六價鉻的注意點:對金屬件及其電鍍件樣品,測試的是樣品表麵的六價鉻,因此其濃度計算方法有兩種。
按照JIS H8625標準,計算單位麵積含量。取約100cm2樣品測試;該方法要求>10ug/100cm2
按照某些公司標準,計算電鍍層中含量.
五、溴化阻燃劑的法規要求:
1、溴化阻燃劑包括:多溴聯苯(PBBS) ;多溴聯苯醚(PBDES,PBBES,PBDOS。)
2、應用範圍:印刷電路板,塑料及塗層中耐燃劑,電線電纜,樹脂類電子元件。
3、歐盟國家:
ROHS:<1000ppm;
76/769/EEC,83/264/ EEC:禁止使用;
2003/11/EEC:禁止使用。


What Is RoHS Compliant?

RoHS is the shortened term for the "Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment," or commonly "Restriction of Hazardous Substances." It is a directive adopted by member countries of the European Union in 2004 controlling the the use of six hazardous materials in the manufacturing of electronic equipment. It is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive, also known as WEEE.

Substances

·  The substances covered by RoHS are lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium metals, as well as polybrominated biphenyl and polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants. They are controlled because they are dangerous to manufacturer employees and recyclers--they are also considered polluting to the environment if not disposed of properly. To be in compliance with RoHS, products must not exceed set amounts of any of these substances in their composition. 


Concentrations of RoHS Substances

·  Products which exceed set amounts of the chemicals covered in RoHS are not in compliance with European . Lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers must not exceed a maximum concentration level of 0.10 percent. Cadmium is prohibited from exceeding a maximum concentration of 0.01 percent.

Examples of Products Containing RoHS Substances

·  Some products which typically contain RoHS restricted substances include: solders, PVC cable covers for electronic equipment, pigments, paints, fuses, glass, washers, switches, lamps and light bulbs. Even if a product does not contain excessive amounts of a RoHS substance overall, a single component within the product can cause the product to fail compliance standards by testing too high.

RoHS Compliance Testing

·  Companies which specialize in testing products for RoHS compliance levels use X-ray fluorescence spectrometers in their analysis. They work by sending out an intense X-ray beam and exciting atoms within the target. X-rays are reflected back from the sample along a spectrum of wavelengths characteristic of the types of atoms present in the sample, giving the tester a reading of the amount of each material in a product.

Non-Compliance

·  Non-compliance to RoHS standards or failing to comply with requests for documentation can result in serious fines, sanctions or prosecution. Penalties vary from country to country, but can include steep fines and products being denied for export. In Ireland, Poland and several other countries, non-compliance with RoHS can be punishable by a prison term.

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